Wednesday, August 20, 2008

First Sequenced human chromosome

Do you know?

The first human chromosome to be sequenced is chromosome no 22.

The sequencing completed
in December 1999

The genetic code of it comprised of 33.5 million bases

About Chromosome 22

Chromosome 22 is the second smallest of the human autosomes. The short arm (22p) contains a series of tandem repeat structures including the array of genes that encode the structural RNAs of the ribosomes, and is highly similar to the short arms of chromosomes 13, 14, 15 and 21. The long arm (22q) is the portion of human chromosome 22 that contains the protein coding genes and this is the region that has now been sequenced. The completed sequence consisted of 12 contiguous segments covering 33.4 million bps separated by 11 gaps of known size. One of these gaps has subsequenctly been closed by the Oklahoma group. The sequence is estimated to cover 97% of 22q, and is complete to the limits of currently available reagents and methodologies. The largest contiguous contig is >23 million bps, and at that time, this was the largest piece of continuous sequence determined